How Is Voltage Distributed In A Series Circuit

By | March 18, 2023



Have you ever wondered how electricity is distributed through a series circuit? It can be quite confusing, so here we will break it down to explain the basics.

Electricity is the flow of charged particles, and its movement is governed by a few basic laws. The most important of these are Ohm’s Law and Kirchhoff’s Laws. Both of these laws state that Voltage (V) in a circuit is directly proportional to current (I) and the number of components in the circuit.

In a series circuit, all of the components are connected in a single loop. This means that they all share the same electric current and voltage. The total voltage of the circuit is equal to the sum of the voltages of each component. So, if you have two components in your circuit, one with a voltage of 10 volts (V1) and one with a voltage of 5 volts (V2), then the total voltage of the circuit will be 15 volts (TotalV = V1 + V2).

The current in a series circuit follows a very specific rule. The current of the entire circuit is equal to the current of the weakest component. This means that if the first component has a current of 2 amps (A1) and the second component has a current of 1 amp (A2), then the total current of the circuit will be 1 amp (TotalA = min(A1, A2)).

So, you can see how the current and voltage are distributed in a series circuit. The total voltage of the circuit is equal to the sum of the voltages of all the components, and the total current of the circuit is equal to the current of the weakest component.

Now that you understand the basics of how voltage is distributed in a series circuit, you can apply this principle to your own projects. You can use these principles in order to design circuits that take advantage of the various voltages and currents available in different components. With a bit of knowledge and experimentation, you can create amazing projects.


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